Europe (Townsend)


Kenneth Townsend, PA, USA

Creation Date

Not known

Scale and Size

Original art scale: 1:12,466,660
Original art size: Not known, Scanned from a 10 x 8" film transparency.
Cropped digital art size: 39.84 ×  36.68 cm at 300 DPI, 4,705 × 4,332 pixels

Terms of Use

No use restrictions. The shaded relief is in the public domain. Space permitting on your map, please cite Kenneth Townsend as the source.


Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection
Center Point: 51.5N, 21E
WGS84 Datum

Release Date

September 2011

Map Compatibility

Relief art modified by Tom Patterson to register with 1:10 million Natural Earth coastline and drainage vectors: The relief download includes a Natural Earth coast shape file with embedded projection information.

Additional Information

R. R. Donnelley and Sons Cartographic Services commissioned the creation of this shaded relief under the supervision of Herwig G. Schutzler. The Cartographic Services unit at R.R. Donnelley is now defunct. Upon going out of business, Donnelley transferred ownership of the relief art to GeoSystems Global Corporation, which later became MapQuest, owned by AOL. When MapQuest sold off their custom cartography unit, GeoNova, a successor company, became the new owners of the relief. GeoNova has since failed. Herwig G. Schutzler then donated the film transparency of this relief to the U.S. Library of Congress, where it is permanently stored along with other Donnelley relief art. The location of the original relief art is not known.
Stacks Image 1580



40 MB
GeoTIFF with World file and coast shape file